What Are Really Skin Care And what Does It Do?

Most of us already know that good skin care involves more than just washing your face, but once you get past exfoliators and moisturizers, you might begin to feel a little lost. There are so many types of products out there, and there’s no way to craft the right routine for yourself if you don’t even know what these products do.



Unlike soap, cleansers are specially formulated for use on your face. They help remove makeup, dead skin, oil, dirt and other things that clog pores and contribute to acne and problem skin. By cleansing your face first, you prep your skin so that it is ready to absorb treatment. This helps the acne fighting medicine to start working so you can get clearer skin!



Exfoliating is important, as it helps to take dead skin cells off the surface of the skin and to give your skin a glow, and it should be done once or twice a week. If your skin is sensitive, opt for an exfoliating mask as opposed to a scrub, which can be irritating.


Serums usually contain antioxidants, which help fight free radical damage. They can also contain anti-aging ingredients such as retinols and peptides, which stimulate collagen production.They penetrate deep into the skin, these products are great for hydrating dry skin. They are best used after your cleanser, and they can be used underneath moisturizer to treat the skin while sleeping.


Face Oil

Nutrient-filled face oils help to build a resilient layer for your skin, no matter your skin type. They can be very hydrating, which makes them especially useful for those with dry skin. “Argan oil and vitamin E are great for pretty much every skin type and issue,” says Lolis. “Ideally, add two or three drops to a moisturizer or serum. For acne-prone skin, tea tree oil will work very well and vitamin C oil will help with any scarring.” 


Sunscreens are essential for protecting your skin from UV damage, no matter the season. Luckily, there are plenty of ways to apply sunscreen beyond just the typical bottle. Everyone should be using a moisturizer with SPF even in winter. The key is to know your skin type and use sunscreen that is a suitable fit. Some sunscreens are greasy and may clog pores. This is why it’s best to use a moisturizer formulated to address a particular skin issue that has sunscreen built in.


Moisturizing is one of the most important steps in keeping your skin looking healthy and hydrated. Regular moisturizing – especially in colder months – is an important defense against dry, itchy skin. Some cleansers, treatments and astringents contain acne fighting ingredients that can sometimes dry out your skin. Moisturizers help prevent your skin from drying, which can actually cause more oil to be produced. And if you think that moisturizers will make your skin even oilier, don’t worry! Look for lightweight, oil-free moisturizers that won’t clog your pores.


Chemical Peel

Chemical peels remove the outer layer of the skin, which means they tend to go deeper to remove excess dead skin cells than exfoliators. They usually contain glycolic, salicylic or lactic acids. “Use it once every two weeks, but avoid these if you are prone to rosacea and eczema,” says Jaliman. Chemical peels tend to be more intense and typically are done by a professional, but there are also at-home DIY peels available to address things such as acne scars, wrinkles, sun damage and hyperpigmentation. 



Toner can be used after a cleanser twice a day to remove excess traces of makeup or other residue from the skin. Toners shrink pores and restore skin to its natural pH balance. This is important because when our pH levels are thrown out of whack due to soaps and chemicals in cleansers, oil production increases, causing a cycle of breakouts. Those with sensitive skin should use an alcohol-free toner. 


Face Mask

There are many different types of masks on the market, ranging from hydrating, to drying and even brightening, which makes them useful for all skin types. Done weekly, you’ll see a change to skin, and breakouts will have a chance to dry up and heal. I am also a fan of using soothing masks on the cheeks and then a clarifying mask on the forehead, chin and jawline. It’s okay to mix it up. The key is to apply a mask to clean, exfoliated skin so there isn’t anything blocking it from penetrating the skin.


Your skin is important to you, so why risk not doing everything you can to care for it? If you’re worried about spending time and money taking care of your skin, then it’s even more important that you properly care for it now. You may end up spending more time and money on your skin if you neglect to care for it on a daily basis. To avoid bigger and more expensive problems down the road, commit to making skin care a daily necessity!

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